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休み

やすみ

rest, recess, respite, vacation, holiday, absence, suspension, dormancy (of a silkworm prior to moulting)

寝る

ねる

to lie down, to go to bed, to lie in bed, to sleep (lying down)

全部

ぜんぶ

all, entire, whole, altogether

なか

inside, in, among, within, center (centre), middle

ひと

person

いち

one

ほん、ぼん、ぽん

book, volume, script, this, present, main, head

とし、ねん

year (e.g. AD), counter for years

まえ

ago, before (some event), previously, (minutes) to (the hour), in front (of), before (e.g. the house), head (of a line), front (e.g. of a bus), fore p...

わたし

I, me, you (used toward people of equal or lower status)

友達

ともだち

playmate, companion, friend to play with

出る

でる

to leave, to exit, to go out, to come out, to get out, to leave (on a journey), to depart, to start out, to set out, to move forward

なん・なに

what, how many, you-know-what, that

分かる

わかる

to understand, to comprehend, to grasp, to see, to get, to follow, to become clear, to be known, to be discovered, to be realized, to be realised, to...

あさ

morning

起きる

おきる

to get up, to rise, to wake up, to be awake, to stay awake, to occur (usu. of unfavourable incidents), to happen, to take place

大きな

おおきな

big government

小さな

ちいさな

small, little, tiny

こういう

こういう

Like this

新聞

しんぶん

newspaper

作る

つくる

to make, to produce, to manufacture, to build, to construct, to prepare (food), to brew (alcohol), to raise, to grow, to cultivate, to train

出かける

でかける

to go out (e.g. on an excursion or outing), to leave, to depart, to start, to set out, to be about to leave, to be just going out

こちら

こちら

It's on me

言う

いう

to say, to utter, to declare, to name, to call, to go (e.g. 'the alarm went ping'), to make a noise

てん

store, shop, establishment, restaurant

こっち

こっち

matter being discussed (e.g. in a private conversation), our side of the story (in contrast to another's version)

帰れる

かえれる

I can go home.

大人

おとな

man of substance or virtue, gentleman, giant, adult

見る

みる

to see, to look, to watch, to view, to observe, to look over, to look on, to assess, to examine, to judge, to look after, to keep an eye on, to take c...

子供

こども

child, children

古く

ふるく

anciently, formerly

多い

おおい

fruitful, successful

歌う

うたう

to sing, to sing (one's praises in a poem, etc.), to compose a poem, to recite a poem

帰る

かえる

to be resurrected, to be resuscitated, to be rehabilitated, to be revived

来る

くる

next (e.g. 'next April'), forthcoming, coming, to come, to arrive, to be due to

家族

かぞく

happy family circle, sitting in a family circle and enjoying conversation, harmony in a family

はち

eight

ひゃく

so many men, so many ways, to each one's own, it takes all sorts to make a world

まん

10,000, ten thousand, myriad, everything, all

忙しい

いそがしい

restless

働く

はたらく

to work hard, to toil, to moil, to keep one's nose to the grindstone, to slug away

とき、じ

hour, o'clock, (specified) time, when ..., during ...

大好き

だいすき

I love it.

もの

thing, object, article, stuff, substance, one's things, possessions, property, belongings, things, something, anything, everything, nothing

新しい

あたらしい

new, novel, fresh, recent, latest, up-to-date, modern

小さい

ちいさい

less than ..., smaller ...

遠い

とおい

distant look, faraway look

今日

きょう

today, this day, these days, recently, nowadays

くに

country, state, region, national government, central government

ほう

honorific pluralizing suffix (used only for people), around (the time that, etc.), about

皆さん

みなさん

everyone

一つ

ひとつ

one, for one thing, only

ありがとう

ありがとう

Thank you, Thanks

掛ける

かける

to hang (e.g. picture), to hoist (e.g. sail), to raise (e.g. flag), to sit, to take (time, money), to expend (money, time, etc.)

しま

Island, insula, island, islet

集める

あつめる

to sweep up together

そんな

そんな

therefore, for that reason, such being the case

彼女

かのじょ

ex-girlfriend, old girlfriend

遊び

あそび

to idle away one's time

思う

おもう

to think, to consider, to believe, to think (of doing), to plan (to do), to judge, to assess, to regard

探す

さがす

to search (for something desired, needed), to look for, to search (for something lost), to seek (a suspect in a crime)

それで

それで

even so (expressing frustration, etc.), still

フルーツ

ふるーつ

fruit wine

もらう

もらう

to receive, to take, to accept, to get somebody to do something

教える

おしえる

to teach, to inform, to instruct

くれる

くれる

to be lost in thought

考える

かんがえる

to think about, to take into consideration, to ponder, to reflect, to try to come at a conclusion, to think over (something), to intend, to decide (to...

場所

ばしょ

place, location, spot, position, room, space, basho, wrestling tournament

世界

せかい

the world, society, the universe, sphere, circle, world, renowned, world-famous, well-known outside of Japan

関係

かんけい

one's relationships, people one knows

東京

とうきょう

Tokyoite

人口

じんこう

population, common talk

むかし

olden days, former

祭り

まつり

cherry blossom festival

ちから

strength, power, proficiency, ability

幸せ

しあわせ

happiness, good fortune, luck, blessing

祈る

いのる

to wish someone luck, to wish someone well

踊る

おどる

to dance to the music

自分

じぶん

self-centeredness, selfishness, egotism, egocentricity

以上

いじょう

not less than, ... and more, ... and upwards, beyond ... (e.g. one's means), further (e.g. nothing further to say), more than ... (e.g. cannot pay mor...

田舎

いなか

country, country home

かれ

they

最近

さいきん

most recent, these days, right now, recently, nowadays

始める

はじめる

to start, to begin, to commence, to initiate, to originate, to open (e.g. a store), to start up, to establish (business. etc.), to start ..., to begin...

高校

こうこう

senior high school, high school

ほとんど

ほとんど

almost never, few and far between, little or nothing, hardly any, hardly anything at all, very little

壊す

こわす

to destroy, to crush, to break by striking, to wreck, to spoil, to ruin

育てる

そだてる

to raise, to rear, to bring up, to train, to teach, to educate, to promote the growth of..., to nurture, to foster, to develop

もっと

もっと

a lot more, much more, and then some, and plenty more than that

向かう

むかう

to be face to face

これから

これから

after this

忘れる

わすれる

to forget to say, to forget to mention

覚える

おぼえる

to memorize, to memorise, to commit to memory, to learn by heart, to bear in mind, to remember, to learn, to pick up, to acquire, to feel

欲しい

ほしい

as much as one wants, as many as one wants, all that one wishes for

こんにちは

こんにちは

hello, good day (daytime greeting)

day of month, counter for days

日本

にっぽん

Japan

出来る

できる

to be able (in a position) to do, to be up to the task, to be ready, to be completed, to be made, to be built

実は

じつは

as a matter of fact, by the way, to tell you the truth, to be honest, frankly

counter for articles, counter for military units, individual

暮らす

くらす

to live, to get along, to spend (time)

かず

several, a number of, number, numeral, figure, destiny, fate

ふね

ferryboat, ferry, passenger boat, shared fishing boat

出会う

であう

to meet (by chance), to come across, to run across, to encounter, to happen upon, to meet (e.g. of rivers, highways, etc.), to emerge and engage (an e...

インターネット

Internet telephony, Internet telephone

あんまり

あんまり

remainder, rest, balance, remains, scraps, residue, remnant, not very (with negative sentence), not much, surplus, excess, fullness, too much

情報

じょうほう

computer science, information engineering

取れる

とれる

to (be able to) make contact, to (be able to) get in touch

知る

しる

to be aware of, to know, to be conscious of, to cognize, to cognise, to notice, to feel, to understand, to comprehend, to grasp

例えば

たとえば

for example, e.g.

開ける

あける

to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package), to unlock, to open (for business, etc.), to empty, to remove, to make space, to make room

世の中

よのなか

society, the world, the times

都会

とかい

to leave town

世界中

せかいじゅう

around the world, throughout the world

しまう

しまう

to finish, to stop, to end, to put an end to, to bring to a close, to close (a business, etc.), to close down, to shut down, to shut up, to put away,...

天候

てんこう

bad weather

週間

しゅうかん

week, weekly

だから

だから

so, therefore

大変

たいへん

very, dreadful

集落

しゅうらく

village, community, settlement, town, colony (animals, etc.)

ほか

other (place, thing, person), the rest, outside, beyond, nothing except, nothing but, nothing apart from, nothing aside from, no choice (but to)

くらい

throne, crown, (nobleman's) seat, government position, court rank, social standing, rank, class, echelon, rung

仲間

なかま

company, fellow, colleague, associate, comrade, mate, group, circle of friends, partner, member of the same category

みな

each and all, every single one, everybody

合わせる

あわせる

to match (rhythm, speed, etc.), to join together, to unite, to combine, to add up, to face, to be opposite (someone)

真剣

しんけん

seriousness, earnestness, real sword (as opposed to unsharpened or wooden practice weapon)

姿

すがた

figure, form, shape, appearance, dress, guise, state, condition, picture, image

育つ

そだつ

to be raised (e.g. child), to be brought up, to grow (up)

得る

える

to get, to earn, to acquire, to procure, to gain, to secure, to attain, to obtain, to win, to understand, to comprehend, to receive something undesira...

無事

ぶじ

safety, peace, quietness

健康

けんこう

health, sound, wholesome

自然

しぜん

nature, spontaneity, naturally, spontaneously

かみ

god, deity, divinity, spirit, kami, incredible, fantastic, emperor of Japan

それでも

それでも

nevertheless

嬉しい

うれしい

happy, glad, pleasant

だけど

だけど

however

気付く

きづく

to notice, to recognize, to recognise, to become aware of, to perceive, to realize, to realise

生まれる

うまれる

to be born

こと

nominalizing suffix, pretending to ..., playing make-believe ...

(something) shop, somebody who sells (something) or works as (something), somebody with a (certain) personality trait

うち

inside, within

風景

ふうけい

scenery, scene, landscape, view, sight, scene (e.g. of a crime)

action of making something, -ification

守る

まもる

to protect, to guard, to defend, to keep (i.e. a promise), to abide (by the rules), to observe, to obey, to follow

大切

たいせつ

carefully, with caution, with great care

人生

じんせい

(human) life (i.e. conception to death)

どんなに

どんなに

how, how much

愛する

あいする

to love

価値

かち

added value, value added

多分

たぶん

probably, maybe, perhaps, much, great deal

色んな

いろんな

Various

全て

すべて

everything, all, the whole, entirely, completely, wholly, all

拍手

はくしゅ

clapping and cheering, applause

行く

いく

to go, to move (in a direction or towards a specific location), to head (towards), to be transported (towards), to reach, to proceed, to take place, t...

ところ

press, print shop, printing office

きっかけ

きっかけ

with ... as a start, taking advantage of

些細

ささい

trivial, slight

宝島

たからじま

Treasure Island

叔父さん

おじさん

My uncle

荒れる

あれる

to be stormy, to be rough, to be ruined, to fall into ruin, to be in a bad temper, to lose one's temper

商店

しょうてん

storekeeper, proprietor of a shop

空っぽ

からっぽ

empty, vacant, hollow

振舞う

ふるまう

behave

行事

ぎょうじ

event, function

祖先

そせん

ancestor

移住

いじゅう

migration, immigration

沢山

たくさん

enough, too many, too much

一寸

ちょっと

one sun (approx. 3.03 cm), a little bit (of time, distance, etc.)

集まる

あつまる

to gather, to collect, to assemble

其れから

それから

come on, hurry up, chop chop, yeah, that's right, exactly

色々

いろいろ

various, various colors (colours)

ご馳走

ごちそう

feast, treating (someone), to treat (someone, e.g. to a meal)

受け継ぐ

うけつぐ

to inherit, to succeed, to take over

大事

だいじ

with religious zeal, with utmost devotion, take great care of

恰度

ちょうど

degree (angle, temperature, scale, etc.), counter for occurrences and times, strength (of alcohol)

かん

sense of values, values, value system

映像

えいぞう

live video

Easy

日本の離島は宝島: 鯨本 あつこ at TEDxTokyo

Romaji: Nihon no ritō wa takarajima: Kujira hon a tsuko at TEDxTokyo

Translation: PiPop

Easy

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