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明日

あす・あした

tomorrow, near future

なん・なに

what, how many, you-know-what, that

勉強

べんきょう

study, diligence, discount, reduction

一番

いちばん

number one, first, first place, best, most, game, round, bout

lower reaches (of a river), bottom, lower part, lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses

今日

きょう

today, this day, these days, recently, nowadays

なか

inside, in, among, within, center (centre), middle

とき、じ

hour, o'clock, (specified) time, when ..., during ...

からだ

body, physique, posture, shape, form, style, substance, identity, reality

まえ

ago, before (some event), previously, (minutes) to (the hour), in front (of), before (e.g. the house), head (of a line), front (e.g. of a bus), fore p...

ひと

person

あたま

head, hair (on one's head), mind, brains, intellect

新しい

あたらしい

new, novel, fresh, recent, latest, up-to-date, modern

いち

one

いま

now, the present time, just now, soon, immediately, (one) more

うみ

sea otter (Enhydra lutris)

えき

station

大きな

おおきな

big government

大人

おとな

man of substance or virtue, gentleman, giant, adult

帰る

かえる

to be resurrected, to be resuscitated, to be rehabilitated, to be revived

家族

かぞく

happy family circle, sitting in a family circle and enjoying conversation, harmony in a family

学校

がっこう

school

昨日

きのう

yesterday

くち

mouth, opening, hole, gap, orifice, mouth (of a bottle), spout, nozzle, mouthpiece

時間

じかん

work hours

仕事

しごと

work, job, business, occupation, employment, vocation, task, work

授業

じゅぎょう

lesson, class work, teaching, instruction

少し

すこし

little by little, a little for each, gradually

大好き

だいすき

I love it.

立つ

たつ

to stand, to rise, to stand up, to find oneself (e.g. in a difficult position), to depart (on a plane, train, etc.)

小さい

ちいさい

less than ..., smaller ...

小さな

ちいさな

small, little, tiny

つくえ

desk

とし、ねん

year (e.g. AD), counter for years

習う

ならう

to take lessons in, to be taught, to learn (from a teacher), to study (under a teacher), to get training in

ねこ

cat

はなし

counter for stories, episodes of TV series, etc.

毎朝

まいあさ

Every morning

みず

water (esp. cool, fresh water, e.g. drinking water), fluid (esp. in an animal tissue), liquid, flood, floodwaters

みち

road, way, Buddhist teachings

皆さん

みなさん

everyone

もう一度

もういちど

once more, again

問題

もんだい

question (e.g. on a test), problem, problem (e.g. societal, political), question, issue, subject (e.g. of research), case, matter, question (i.e. doub...

夕方

ゆうがた

evening, dusk

わたし

I, me, you (used toward people of equal or lower status)

立ち

たち

departure, setting off, start, being used up, being consumed, being burnt out, passage of time, lapse

古く

ふるく

anciently, formerly

支え

ささえ

support, stay, prop

破れ

やぶれ

tear, rip, breach, break, hole, crack, breakdown, collapse, spoilage, waste, wastepaper

参り

まいり

visit (to a religious site, e.g. shrine, temple, grave)

多く

おおく

many, much, largely, abundantly, mostly

学び

まなび

learning, study

通い

かよい

coming and going, commuting

sleep

一度

いちど

once, one time, on one occasion, temporarily, for a moment, one degree, one tone, one musical interval

美しい

うつくしい

beautiful design

思う

おもう

to think, to consider, to believe, to think (of doing), to plan (to do), to judge, to assess, to regard

帰り

かえり

going home from work, on the way home from work

変える

かえる

to change, to alter, to transform, to convert, to turn, to vary, to reform, to revise, to amend

通う

かよう

to frequent tirelessly

seeming, giving the appearance of, giving one the feeling of

厳しい

きびしい

severe, strict, rigid, unsparing, relentless, stern, austere, grave, solemn, majestic, intense (cold), harsh

気持ち

きもち

feeling, sensation, mood, preparedness, readiness, attitude, thanks, solicitude, sympathy

教育

きょういく

training, education

くび

neck, head, dismissal, discharge, firing (from a job)

高校

こうこう

senior high school, high school

高校生

こうこうせい

senior high school student

こころ

heart, mind, spirit, vitality, inner strength, Chinese 'Heart' constellation (one of the 28 mansions)

最後

さいご

last, end, conclusion, latest, most recent, no sooner than, right after (often having negative consequences), one's final moments

時代

じだい

Dark Ages, dark age

失敗

しっぱい

fail verdict

しま

Island, insula, island, islet

人口

じんこう

population, common talk

生活

せいかつ・する

living, life (one's daily existence), livelihood

世界

せかい

the world, society, the universe, sphere, circle, world, renowned, world-famous, well-known outside of Japan

卒業

そつぎょう

graduation, completion (e.g. of a course), outgrowing something, moving on

楽しみ

たのしみ

enjoyment, pleasure, diversion, amusement, hobby

ちから

strength, power, proficiency, ability

中学校

ちゅうがっこう

junior high school, middle school, lower secondary school

つま

one's wife

眠い

ねむい

sleepy, drowsy, somnolent

残る

のこる

to remain, to be left

場所

ばしょ

place, location, spot, position, room, space, basho, wrestling tournament

必要

ひつよう

essential, indispensable, imperative, necessary, compelling, vital, critical

翻訳

ほんやく

translation, de-encryption, deciphering, rendering

みなと

harbour

むかし

olden days, former

戻る

もどる

to turn back (e.g. half-way), to return, to go back, to recover (e.g. something lost), to be returned

教え

おしえ

teaching, instruction, teachings, precept, lesson, doctrine

一緒

いっしょ

together, at the same time, same, identical

同じ

おなじ

approximately the same

さき

previous, prior, former, some time ago, preceding, point (e.g. pencil), tip, end, nozzle, head (of a line), front

自分

じぶん

self-centeredness, selfishness, egotism, egocentricity

本当に

ほんとうに

truly

人々

ひとびと

each person, people, men and women, everybody

東京

とうきょう

Tokyoite

度目

どめ

the Nth time

変わり

かわり

change, alteration, unusual state or event, accident, abnormality, difference, distinction

切り開く

きりひらく

to clear (land), to open up, to cut through

あいだ、ま

space, room, time, pause

経験

けいけん・する

experience

例えば

たとえば

for example, e.g.

入学

にゅうがく・する

admission of university graduates to an undergraduate program

day of month, counter for days

得意

とくい

customer, client

努力

どりょく

hard worker, hardworking person

name, given name, title, fame, renown, reputation

仲間

なかま

company, fellow, colleague, associate, comrade, mate, group, circle of friends, partner, member of the same category

流れ

ながれ

stream, current, flow, course of events

悩む

なやむ

to be grievously troubled

日常

にちじょう

everyday occurrence

農業

のうぎょう

agricultural machinery, farm machinery

拍手

はくしゅ

clapping and cheering, applause

始まり

はじまり

Show me a liar, and I will show you a thief

はたけ

ground squirrel (esp. the Daurian ground squirrel, Spermophilus dauricus)

働き

はたらき

overactivity, overwork

判断

はんだん

judgment, judgement, decision, conclusion, adjudication, divination, judgement

比較

ひかく

logical comparison

風景

ふうけい

scenery, scene, landscape, view, sight, scene (e.g. of a crime)

ふね

ferryboat, ferry, passenger boat, shared fishing boat

ほか

other (place, thing, person), the rest, outside, beyond, nothing except, nothing but, nothing apart from, nothing aside from, no choice (but to)

未来

みらい

the future (usually distant), future tense, the world to come

あな

hole, deficit, shortage, missing person (in a team, meeting, etc.), vacancy, opening

表す

あらわす

to express, to show

やく

approximately, about, promise, shortening, reduction, simplification

以前

いぜん

ago, since, before, previous

友人

ゆうじん

friend

りつ

rate, ratio, proportion, percentage

れつ

queue, line, row, column, sequence, string, train

おび

obi, kimono sash, paper wrapper on books, CDs, etc.

かい

hippocampal gyrus

過去

かこ

the past, bygone days, the previous, a past (i.e. a personal history one would prefer remained secret), one's past, past (tense), preterit, preterite

必ずしも

かならずしも

necessarily

考え

かんがえ

thinking, thought, view, opinion, concept, idea, notion, imagination, intention, plan, design

観光

かんこう

sightseeing

感じ

かんじ

feeling, sense, impression

感じる

かんじる

to be positively affected by someone's strength of spirit

帰宅

きたく

pupils who are not members of any school club, go-home club

希望

きぼう

hope, wish, aspiration

暮らし

くらし

life, living, livelihood, life circumstances

暮らす

くらす

to live, to get along, to spend (time)

限界

げんかい

limit, bound

小屋

こや

kennel, dog house

幸い

さいわい

happiness, blessedness, luck, fortune, felicity, luckily, fortunately

様々

さまざま

varied, various

自身

じしん

himself, he himself

実は

じつは

as a matter of fact, by the way, to tell you the truth, to be honest, frankly

瞬間

しゅんかん

moment, second, instant

状態

じょうたい

comatose state, lethargic state

少年

しょうねん

child labor, child labour

商品

しょうひん

system goods

人生

じんせい

(human) life (i.e. conception to death)

成功

せいこう

success, hit

成長

せいちょう

growth, grow to adulthood

体育

たいいく

physical education, gymnastics, athletics

たび

degree (angle, temperature, scale, etc.), counter for occurrences and times, strength (of alcohol)

地域

ちいき

area, region

違い

ちがい

difference, discrepancy

続き

つづき

sequel, continuation, (also suffix) continuation (in time and space), second series, succession, spell

出来事

できごと

incident, affair, happening, event

当時

とうじ

at that time

同時

どうじ

simultaneous or synchronous recording

通り

とおり

shutter street (street with many closed-down shops or offices)

悩み

なやみ

matter causing distress, something causing worry

離れる

はなれる

to be separated, to be apart, to be distant, to leave, to go away, to leave (a job, etc.), to quit, to give up

大切

たいせつ

carefully, with caution, with great care

ユメ

dream

日々

ひび

Madagascar periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus)

思い

おもい

thought, imagination, mind, heart, desire, wish, hope, expectation

満月

まんげつ

full moon

(something) shop, somebody who sells (something) or works as (something), somebody with a (certain) personality trait

やり直す

やりなおす

to do over again, to redo, to start over, to remake, to resume, to recommence

色んな

いろんな

Various

真ん中

まんなか

middle child

同時に

どうじに

At the same time

離れ

はなれ

separation from, loss of interest in, independence of, distancing (of oneself) from, disillusionment with, alienation from (something), detached (dwel...

looking, viewing

生き

いき

living, being alive, freshness, liveliness, vitality, situation in which a group of stones cannot be captured because it contains contains two or more...

お話

おはなし

story, tale

中学生

ちゅうがくせい

junior high school student, middle school pupil

言える

いえる

to be possible to say, to be able to say

乗り

のり

in high spirits

上げ

あげ

tuck (e.g. in a dress), rise (e.g. in price)

重ね

かさね

overprint

二度と

にどと

never again (with negative verb)

見え

みえ

obvious, transparent

集落

しゅうらく

village, community, settlement, town, colony (animals, etc.)

受け

うけ

popularity, favour, favor, reception, defense, defence, reputation, agreement

次第に

しだいに

gradually

かて

food, provisions, nourishment, source of encouragement

時半

ときはん

Half past

井戸

いど

water well

学年

がくねん

end of school year

基準

きじゅん

standard, basis, criterion, norm, reference, datum

漁業

ぎょぎょう

offshore fishing industry

崩れる

くずれる

to slope, to descend, to slide (snow, etc.)

競馬

けいば

Horse race

工事

こうじ

foundation works

後輩

こうはい

one's seniors and juniors, seniority-based hierarchy

商店

しょうてん

storekeeper, proprietor of a shop

先頭

せんとう

head, lead, vanguard, first

目指す

めざす

to aim at, to have an eye on, to go toward, to head for

漁師

りょうし

fishing village

溢れる

あふれる

to overflow, to brim over, to flood

行く

いく

to go, to move (in a direction or towards a specific location), to head (towards), to be transported (towards), to reach, to proceed, to take place, t...

かぜ

method, manner, way, style, appearance, air, tendency

片隅

かたすみ

corner, nook

てき

drop (of water), drip

途中

とちゅう

on the way, en route, in the middle of, midway

はら

field, plain, prairie, tundra, moor, wilderness

かい

medical association

ころ

(approximate) time, around, about, toward, suitable time (or condition), time of year, season

身体

しんたい

physical ability

取り戻す

とりもどす

regain

作り

つくり

making, producing, manufacturing, building, construction, make, structure, appearance (i.e. attire, make-up), build (i.e. physique)

ちょう

super-liberal interpretation, making understandable, readable through free interpretation

体格

たいかく

physical examination, medical examination, physical checkup

人目

ひとめ

public gaze, public notice

じゅく

coaching school, cramming school, juku

進行

しんこう

moving forward (e.g. vehicle), onward movement, advance (work, procedure, etc), advancement, progress, progress (of a disease), disease progression

あみ

network

経緯

いきさつ

details, particulars, whole story, sequence of events, chronology, circumstances, how it started, how things got this way, longitude and latitude, war...

いん

member

美味しい

おいしい

delicious

恐れ

おそれ

fear, horror, anxiety, concern, uneasiness

覚え

おぼえ

memory, sense, experience

開発

かいはつ

development kit

掛け

かけ

-clad, in the midst of, tenths (e.g. wholesale price, as tenths of retail price)

課題

かだい

research task

叶う

かなう

to come true (wish), to be suited, to match (implies competition), to rival, to bear (e.g. I can't bear the heat)

借り

かり

borrowing, debt, loan

企画

きかく

ability to make plans

漁船

ぎょせん

trawler

小柄

こがら

sterigma

さい

decade (of age), the ...ties

無邪気

むじゃき

innocence, simple-mindedness

恩返し

おんがえし

to return a favor (favour), to repay

戯れる

たわむれる

to be playful, to gambol, to be amused (with something), to play, to sport, to frolic, to joke, to flirt with

泣き

なき

weeping, lamenting

挫折

ざせつ

Setback

Easy

見方を変える、自分が変わる | Kenta Yamashita | TEDxKagoshima

Romaji: Mikata o kaeru, jibun ga kawaru | Kenta yamashita | TEDxKagoshima

Translation: PiPop

Easy

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